At the end of the XVIII century beginning to emerge to organize support for education of young children. At pre-school education to influence the ideas of Robert Owen, Rousseau, Pestalotstsi, Frobelya and Montessori. These ideas were used in the preparation of teachers for young children. Prior to the law on school standards in 1998 in England and Wales, the MOU should provide pre-school education only to children aged 2 to 5 years with special educational needs. Some of the MOU and the school authorities to provide such education to children under the age of compulsory school age (children from 2 to 5 years), at its discretion.
Act 1998, ordered the MOU to provide preschool education in their fields. The Government has identified the goal - providing high quality, free (temporary) places for children aged 4 years old whose parents want it. Now all children 4 years old can attend five classes, which last two and a half hours a week. Since 2004, such education will be provided and children 5 years old.
In Northern Ireland there was no established law on preschool education. Nevertheless, since the late 1990's. Government wants to provide the parent time space for children's homes. In September 2003 the free time of pre-school education places were available for 90% of the children.
In recent years, the division between public and private provision of preschool education was not so pronounced. Early education, funded by the society, to develop and expand at the expense of cooperation with the private and voluntary sectors, which receive funding from the government and must meet certain requirements. The government joined early education from pre-school childcare and out-of-school care (taking care of students before and after school hours and during holidays), to better work with children and their parents. In the late 90's. national strategy for care of children (education and day care) have been developed in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (DON, 1999). In England and Wales, the main objectives of these strategies are: improving the quality of guardianship and custody of children to make more affordable by increasing the number of facilities and provision of more information on this issue. Strategy guardianship of children in Northern Ireland was founded on principles of cooperation, social justice, quality, availability, flexibility and partnership. The development in the early years of life and care of children in England and Wales, as well as plans for pre-school education in Northern Ireland were established to implement these strategies.
In September 2000, England was represented by the primary stage of education, based on six main areas of study. This separate level of education for children aged 3 to 5 years has become part of a national education program of the Education Act 2002, the majority of children attend kindergartens-time or permanently. Only a small number of children remain at home, ranging from school to first grade (aged 5).